Constituted 1 July 1942 in the Army of the United States as Company A, 506th Parachute Infantry.
Activated 20 July 1942 at Camp Toccoa, Georgia.
(506th Parachute Infantry assigned 1 March 1945 to the 101st Airborne Division)
Inactivated 30 November 1945 in France.
Redesignated 18 June 1948 as Company A, 506th Airborne Infantry.
Allotted 25 June 1948 to the Regular Army.
Activated 6 July 1948 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky.
Inactivated 1 April 1949 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky.
Activated 25 August 1950 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky.
Inactivated 1 December 1953 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky.
Activated 15 May 1954 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina.
**Reorganized and redesignated 25 April 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Airborne Battle Group, 506th Infantry, and remained assigned to the 101st Airborne Division (organic elements concurrently constituted and activated)
Reorganized and redesignated 3 February 1964 as the 1st Battalion, 506th Infantry.
Inactivated 5 June 1984 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, and relieved from assignment to the 101st Airborne Division.
Assigned 16 March 1987 to the 2nd Infantry Division and activated in Korea.
Relieved 30 September 2005 from assignment to the 2d Infantry Division and assigned to the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division.
Redesignated 1 October 2005 as the 1st Battalion, 506th Infantry Regiment
CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDIT
World War II Vietnam War on Terrorism Normandy (with arrowhead) Counteroffensive, Phase III (1 Jun 1967-29 Jan 1968) campaigns to be determined Rhineland (with arrowhead) Tet Counteroffensive (30 Jan-1 Apr 1968) Iraqi Governance (2004-2005) Ardennes-Alsace Counteroffensive, Phase IV (2 Apr-30 Jun 1968) Iraqi National Resolution (2005-2007) Central Europe Counteroffensive, Phase V (1 Jul-1 Nov 1968) Afghanistan Consolidation II (2008-2009) Counteroffensive, Phase VI (2 Nov 1968- 22 Feb 1969) Afghanistan Consolidation III (2009-2011) Tet 69/Counteroffensive (23 Feb-8 Jun 1969) Summer-Fall 1969 (9 Jun-31 Oct 1969) Winter-Spring 1970 (1 Nov 1969-30 Apr 1970) Sanctuary Counteroffensive (1 May-30 Jun 1970) Counteroffensive, Phase VII (l Jul 1970-30 Jun 1971) Consolidation I (1 Jul 1971 - 30 Nov 1971) Consolidation II (1 Dec 1971 - 29 Mar 1972)
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered NORMANDY
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered BASTOGNE
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered DONG AP BIA MOUNTAIN
Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered DEFENSE OF SAIGON
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1968
French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered NORMANDY
Netherlands Orange Lanyard
Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm, Streamer embroidered BASTOGNE;
cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at Bastogne
Belgian Fourragere 1940;
cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in France and Belgium
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1968-1969
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1971
Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1968-1970
BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY:
JEFFREY J. CLARKE
Chief of Military History
NOTE - the following awards have not yet been added to this Lineage:
Navy Unit Commendation for Iraq August 2004- February 2005
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered AFGHANISTAN 2008-2009
Documentation for all US Army War on Terrorism Unit Award Orders & Citations:
On 15 March 1956, the 506th was redesgnated as the 506th Airborne Infantry (Combat Group) under the plan called ROTAD, Reorganization of the Airborne Division. The 506th took part in the reactivation ceremonies for the 101st Division on 21 September 1956, at Fort Campbell.